Published on August 26, 2021, Updated on May 3, 2024

What Is Bone Grafting and How Does It Work?

The jaw bone linked with lost teeth atrophies and is reabsorbed over time. This frequently results in a situation where the quality and quantity of bone available for the insertion of dental implants is inadequate. The majority of people in these scenarios are not candidates for dental implants.

We now have the ability to not only replace bone where it is missing, but also to induce new bone formation in that site, thanks to bone grafting. This not only allows us to place implants of the correct length and width, but it also allows us to restore functioning and attractiveness. Visit Oral Health Center dental clinic.

Bone Grafts: What Are They and How Do They Work?

Autogenous Bone Grafts are grafts made from the patient’s own bone

Autogenous bone grafts, also known as autografts, are created from your own bone that has been removed from another part of your body. The chin, mouth, lower leg bone, hip, or skull are the most common sources of bone. Because the graft material is your own live bone, it has alive cellular factors that promote bone formation. It also eliminates the danger of your body rejecting the graft material because it is your own.

One disadvantage of the autograft is that it necessitates a second treatment to collect bone from another part of the body. A second procedure may not be necessary depending on your condition.

Bones that are allogenic

Allogenic bone, also known as allograft, is dead bone that has been removed from a corpse and processed using a freeze-dry procedure to remove the water. Allogenic bone, unlike autogenous bone, cannot generate new bone on its own. Rather, it acts as a foundation, or scaffold, for bone from the surrounding bony walls to grow over to replace the defect or void.

Xenogenic Bone is a term used to describe a type of bone that

The non-living bone of another species, generally a cow, is used to make xenogenic bone. To avoid immunological rejection and contamination, the bone is treated at extremely high temperatures. Xenogenic grafts, like allogenic grafts, provide a foundation for neighboring bone to develop and fill the vacuum.

Allogenic and xenogenic bone grafting offer the advantage of avoiding the need for a second treatment to collect your own bone, as autografts do. However, because these choices lack the bone-forming capabilities of autografts, bone regeneration may take longer and be less predictable than with autografts.

Substitutes for Bone Grafts

Many synthetic materials are available as safe and proven alternatives to using actual bone, including:

Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM)/Demineralized Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft is a demineralized bone matrix (DBM)/demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA)

This product is allograft bone that has been processed and contains collagen, proteins, and growth factors removed from the transplant bone. It comes in powder, putty, chips, and a gel that can be injected with a syringe.

Composite Grafts

Other bone graft materials and growth factors are combined in graft composites to attain the benefits of a variety of substances. Collagen/ceramic composite, which closely reflects the composition of natural bone, DBM mixed with bone marrow cells, which aid in the formation of new bone, or a collagen/ceramic/autograft composite are some examples of possible pairings.

Proteins of the Bone Morphogenetic System

BMPs (bone morphogenetic proteins) are proteins that are created naturally in the body that help to stimulate and control bone development and healing.

Synthetic materials also eliminate the need for a second treatment to harvest bone, lowering risk and pain. Each type of bone grafting has its own set of dangers and benefits. Dr. Banga will identify the optimum type of bone graft material for your specific needs.